Waste generated throughout health care institutes can be considered as medical waste. Any solid waste produced in the diagnosis, treatment, or immunization of human beings or animals, can be considered as such. In the Bahamas, Medical Waste has been dealt as if it was general solid waste. With no keen method of proper disposal it can develop into cases of infectious disease.
At Bahamas Waste, we look to ensure an effective response to emergencies affecting the facility and/or local environment, to integrate the facility the role with communìtywide emergency management efforts to ensure an effective, coordinated system response by onsite and responders, and to educate employees, management,emergency response personnei, visitors, and regulatory agencies on the elements of the emergency response plan.
Types Of Medical Waste
Medical waste can be identified by one of four different categories: infectious, hazardous, radioactive, and general.
» Infectious waste describes waste that has the possibility of causing infections to humans. It can include human or animal tissue (blood or other body parts), blood
soaked bandages, discarded surgical gloves, cultures, stochs, or swabs to inoculate
cultures. Much of this category, including human or animal tissue, can also be labeled
as pathological waste, which can only be treated using specific methods. Pathological
waste is either proven to contain pathogens, or could be perceived as containing pathogens.
» Hazardous waste describes waste that has the possibility to affect humans in non-infectious ways. This type of waste includes sharps, which are generally defined as
objects that can puncture or lacerate the shin, but can include needles and syringes,
discarded surgical instruments such as scalpels and lancets, culture dishes and other
glassware. Hazardous waste can also include chemicals, both medical and industrial.
Some hazardous waste can also be considered infectious waste, depending on its usage and exposure to human or animal tissue prior to discard.
» Radioactive waste describes waste resultingffrorn nuclear medicine treatments, cancer therapies and medical equipment thati uses radioactive isotopes. Pathological waste that is contaminated with radioactive material is treated as radioactive waste rather than infectious waste.
» General waste makes up at least 85% of all waste generated at medical facilities, and is no different from general household or waste, and includes paper, plastics, liquids and any other materials that do not fit into the previous three categories.
Treatment Of Medical Waste
There are basically two methods in the treatment of medical waste, one being incineration and the other sterilization which is conducted in in autoclave machine.
» Incineration is the process of destructive oxidation. This process Collects organs, tissues, and other pathological items into a dual chamber container. it is automated from preheat to ignition through shutdown.» Autoclave Medical waste is sterilized through the combined action of temperature (heat) pressure and vacuum. An accessory boiler is utilized to create high temperature, high pressure and vacuum. In term it is used to create high temperature followed by high vacuum with a large hermeticallv sealed kettle. The waste is sterilized by the combined action of thermal denaturing of proteins, and cellular disruption from high pressure Followed by vacuum.